In turbomachines the energy transfers between fluid and machine by means of flow forces.
Operating principle of a Pelton turbine
Model of an impulse turbine with adjustable nozzle; determination of the efficiency.
Operating principle of a Francis turbine
Model of a reaction turbine with adjustable guide vanes; determination of the efficiency.
Determining the characteristics of a typical centrifugal pump.
Series and parallel configuration of pumps
Characteristic curves and hydraulic power; comparison of operating modes.