Physical principles

Water Air
Soil             Waste
Properties of fluids
Fluid mechanics is concerned with the study of forces and movements of liquids and gases. Both substances are continua whose elements can easily move against each other. They are grouped together under the term fluid.
WL 204
WL 102
WL 103
Vapour pressure of water – marcet boiler          Change of state of gases                                   Expansion of ideal gases                                           
Pressure and temperature measurement in a steam boiler                           Experimental investigation of gas laws and changes of state                                                    Determination of the adiabatic exponent according to Clément-Desormes                                  
HM 135
Determination of the settling velocity
Vertically falling body in liquid using specimens of different sizes and different materials
Measuring methods
In fluid mechanics, the measurement of temperature, pressure and flow rate are of particular interest.
WL 202
HM 150.02
WL 203
Fundamentals of temperature measurement                  Calibration of Pressure Gauges                                 Fundamentals of pressure measurement                   
Experimental introduction to temperature measurement technology: methods, areas of application, characteristics                Pressure generation via weight-loaded piston                                                                                                                                                          Measurement of positive and negative pressure with different measuring devices                                                                              
HM 150.13
HM 500
Methods of Flow Measurement       Flow Meter Trainer                  
Comparison of different measuring methods and determining the flow coefficients   Comparison and calibration of different flow meters                                                                     
Principles of hydrostatics
Hydrostatics is the study of fluids at rest.
HM 115
HM 150.05
HM 150.06
Hydrostatics Trainer                Hydrostatic Pressure in Liquids  Stability of floating bodies 
A well equipped hydrostatics bench allowing numerous experiments on the topic of hydrostatics of liquid and gases Investigation of fluid pressure on vessel walls                                                                                                           Determining metacentre and buoyancy using a rectangular hull cross-section                                                 
HM 150.39
HM 150
Methods of Flow Measurement                            Base module for experiments in fluid mechanicsr                 
Comparison of two different hull shapes: hard chine and round hull   Volumetric flow measurement for large and small flow rates      
Principles of hydrodynamics
Hydrodynamics is concerned with the study and description of fluids in motion. The main emphasis is the teaching of the conservation laws of mass, energy and momentum.
HM 150.07
HM 150.08
HM 150.18
Bernoulli’s Principle            Measurement of Jet Forces Osborne Reynolds Experiment
Static pressure and total pressure distribution along the venturi nozzle                                                                          Demonstration of the principle of linear momentum and impact forces on interchangeable deflectors with different deflection angles         Visualisation of laminar and turbulent flow